Born in Elmira, New York, Eileen Collins parents were immigrants from County Cork, Ireland.She became the first woman to pilot a space shuttle mission during the Discovery's rendezvous with the Mir space station in 1995. By 1999, she had logged 419 hours in space and was given command of the space shuttle Columbia, another first for a woman. She retired from NASA in 2006.
Mary Harris, "Mother Jones" travels to the Kensington neighborhood of Philadelphia to join in the strike of over 100,000 textile workers (largely Irish-Americans) fighting over working conditions and wages. Many of these workers were children leading to the creation of child labors laws by President Theodore Roosevelt.
Father Michael J. McGivney, the 29-year-old assistant pastor of St. Mary’s Church in New Haven, Conn. gathers together a group of men to form the Knights organization in response to hostility towards Catholic immigrants and dangerous working conditions which left families fatherless.
President Lincoln called for 300,000 troops. If you were healthy and were among those called, you had several options provided by federal law: pay a substitute to take your place; pay a commutation fee of $300, enabling you to avoid service. Many Irish-American did not have the money to avoid the draft.
Descendants of Scottish and English tenant farmers who had been settled in Ireland by the British government came to the American Colonies. Approximately 250,00 migrated to the Colonies of which 20,000 were Catholics.